Calls for Evidence

Call for Evidence: wellbeing and work transitions

Deadline: 21 of December 2016

What is the relationship between wellbeing and transitions into – and out of – work? Are workers with lower wellbeing more likely to become unemployed, or move into long-term sick-leave, care or early retirement?

Similarly, if you have higher levels of wellbeing, are you more likely to move from worklessness into employment? By worklessness, we mean not being in regular employment or education/training, because of unemployment, retirement, disability and, family care.

How can you get involved?

The What Works Centre for Wellbeing is carrying out a systematic review to find out how wellbeing affects the probability of transitioning into and out of work for different demographic groups. Although life satisfaction is our preferred measure for wellbeing, evidence of effects of wellbeing that may include stress, mental health, anxiety, and depression are also welcomed.

Do you know of any work which has explored this?

We are particularly seeking the following evaluations:

  1. How individuals’ wellbeing affects transitions into and out of work, duration of worklessness and the subsequent transitions.
  2. The impact of poor wellbeing on the probability of remaining in worklessness.
  3. The impact of improvements in wellbeing on the likelihood of returning to work.
  4. The extent to which the effect of poor wellbeing on worklessness, duration of worklessness and the transitions out of worklessness states vary across groups (e.g., age, gender, ethnicity, family status).

We welcome evidence of a qualitative or quantitative nature, provided the evidence meets the criteria outlined below. Studies that use longitudinal methods are preferable. However, we also seek evidence from high quality cross-sectional studies.
What are the criteria?

All examples must be written in English or have an English translation and include an author and date. We can only accept evidence which can be made publicly available.

Please send your submissions electronically to the What Works Centre for Wellbeing ( with the subject line ‘Evidence: Wellbeing and Work Transitions’. All submissions should be received by 21 of December 2016.

For a link to the Protocol on PROSPERO:

Call for evidence: Adult community learning and wellbeing

Deadline:  12 December 2016

The What Works for Wellbeing Centre is conducting a review of the relationship between adult learning and wellbeing. The review is not looking at learning or training that takes place in the context of work – since this was the focus of our first review – or learning which takes place as part of a continuation of formal education.

We are interested in all forms of adult learning that do not happen in schools, universities, or workplaces and how this impacts on people’s wellbeing, such as:

  • informal and non-formal forms of learning
  • adult learning that takes place in further education colleges
  • hobby learning, or learning for leisure
  • adult and family literacy, or numeracy
  • community based learning and training
  • the university of the third age.

Why are we reviewing learning and wellbeing?

Learning is considered important for well-being in a range of ways. But direct links between learning and wellbeing are not robustly established. Learning mechanisms that support wellbeing are not well understood. Our review seeks to address these gaps by bringing together existing evidence to answer the following questions:

  1. In the context of adult learning, to what extent are wellbeing outcomes influenced by learning outcomes and the features of the learning process?
  2. How are the wellbeing outcomes of learning influenced through other factors (such as characteristics of the learner, the learning setting, etc)?

How can you get involved?

We are looking for high quality evidence that addresses these questions. We are particularly seeking evidence that meets the following criteria:

  1. Evaluation studies with assessments of wellbeing taken before and after the learning process – this is to allow us to determine whether the learning process produced any changes in wellbeing subsequent to its introduction.
  2. Evidence that includes comparison groups that did not participate in the course of learning are particularly welcome.
  3. Studies which look at how wellbeing is impacted by either the learning process or outcome and those which look at both.
  4. Evaluations of learning which does or does not have an explicit wellbeing aim.
  5. Evidence of impacts on wellbeing may include stress, mental health, anxiety, depression, life or job satisfaction, resilience or self-efficacy.
  6. Qualitative and quantitative evidence is welcome.

All examples must be written in English or have an English translation and include an author and date. We can only accept evidence which can be made publicly available.

Please send your submissions electronically to the What Works Centre for Wellbeing (, with the subject line Call for evidence: Adult Community Learning and Wellbeing.

All submissions should be received by 12 December 2016.


Evidence call for grey literature: part of a systematic review of the wellbeing outcomes of sport and dance in young people (age 15 -24 years) and the processes by which wellbeing outcomes are achieved

If you are an organisation that has an evaluation of a sport or dance intervention aimed at young people (15-24 years old), you can submit it to our systematic review and help us build an evidence base for wellbeing, sport and young people. We will share the findings of the systematic review with your organisation as soon as the review is published.

What’s happening?

What Works Centre for Wellbeing, with Brunel University London, are carrying out a systematic review to evaluate the subjective wellbeing outcomes in healthy young people of participation in sport and/or dance activities in club and non-club contexts. We are also seeking to establish if the informal aspect of sport or dance participation is more likely to lead to wellbeing enhancement than participation in club-based sport and dance.

What do you need to do?

Please email us any evaluation reports, or links to evaluation reports. We will then use it as part of the grey literature review of the study. By grey literature, we mean “literature that is not formally published in sources such as books or journal articles” (Lefebvre, Manheimer, & Glanville, 2008, p. 106). This may be produced by charities, government departments, businesses, community groups and others.

Please email your evaluation report, or a link to it, to:

What is the criteria?

We will accept for review and possible inclusion in our systematic review using the following criteria.

  • Submissions must be evaluation reports only.
  • Reports submitted must be completed in the past three years (2013-2016) and include author details (individuals, groups or organisations).
  • Evaluation methods may be qualitative, quantitative methods or mixed methods.
  • The central report objective must be the measurement of wellbeing outcomes and/or evaluation of the processes by which wellbeing outcomes are achieved in sport, exercise or dance interventions.

Important note: Evidence can only be reviewed for inclusion in the work of the Culture and Sport programme if submitted through this call. Evidence submitted to individual researchers in the programme cannot be considered. If you have previously sent documents to the culture and sport team please re-submit through this call.

For more background and information about the systematic review and this call for evidence, please download: