Please note that What Works Wellbeing will close operations on 30 April 2024.  Read more
January 2023

Places, spaces and social connections review refresh

Adding evidence from the past five years to further build the community infrastructure and wellbeing evidence base.

Places, spaces and social connections – review refresh
In partnership with

In 2018 we published a systematic review and briefing which looked at the global evidence base for improving people’s wellbeing through changes to the community infrastructure.

The research included studies from 1997 to 2016. We now have five more years’ worth of work to identify, consider and embed in our evidence base. In these intervening years we have experienced a global pandemic which has highlighted the value of community infrastructure and public space to communities.

A growing evidence base

In 2022 we commissioned an updated review of the evidence base. This project brought in research conducted between 2017-2022 to produce a new, refreshed review which supersedes the 2018 original.  

It explores the difference made to wellbeing as a result of changes made to:

  • Public places designed for people to meet, which include streets, squares, parks, play areas, village halls and community centres.
  • Places where people meet informally or are used as meeting places, such as cafes, pubs, libraries, schools and churches.
  • Services that can facilitate access to places to meet, including urban design, landscape architecture and public art, transport, public health organisations, subsidised housing sites, and bus routes.

The refresh provides greater differentiation between types of interventions and their impact on wellbeing and social relations.

The refresh was conducted by Leeds Beckett University in partnership with the University of Liverpool, and funded by the National Lottery Community Fund.


Sign up to our weekly e-mail list

Sign up to receive resources, insights and evidence as they are published.

In this project

Blog 2023 - Stewart Martin
Places, spaces and social connection: five years of new learning
Read more
Report 2023
Places, spaces and community wellbeing - review refresh
Read more
Briefing 2023
Review refresh: Places, spaces, and social connections
Read more
Call for evidence - May 2022
Call for evidence: Places, spaces and social connections
Read more
Report and briefing - 2021
Community hubs and green space case study synthesis
Read more
Report and briefing - 2018
Places, Spaces, People and Wellbeing
Read more
Blog by Ingrid Abreu Scherer 2018
Places, spaces, social connection and people’s wellbeing: what works?
Read more
Scoping review - 2017
Social relations and wellbeing
Read more